Pecan trees are native to the United States, but they mostly thrive in Southern locations and have long growing seasons. Pecan trees don't require a lot of care once planted, but they do need a lot of space. If you don't have a big garden, we don't recommend you grow pecan trees because they can reach up to 150 feet in height, and there are no dwarf varieties. If you DO have a big yard and live in the Southern states, you should definitely plant a pecan tree as just one tree can feed a large family. Keep reading to find out more about how to grow pecan trees, care for them, and enjoy their amazing harvest!
How to Grow Pecan Trees in Your Garden
- You can grow a pecan tree directly from seed, but we recommend you purchase an already grown, small tree from your local nursery.
- Plant your pecan tree in well drained soil in a sunny location.
- Hilltops are ideal for pecan trees as they require deep, well drained soil and are easily susceptible to root rot.
- Plant to a depth of 5 feet.
- If you plant on planting more than one pecan tree, make sure to space them about 60-80 feet apart.
- Plant away from other trees, structures, or power lines.
- Dig a hole 3-5 feet deep, and about 2 feet wide.
- Position the tree in the hole so that the soil line on the tree is even with the surrounding soil.
- Fill the hole back up with soil and don't add any fertilizer or amendments. Fill the hole about halfway through.
- Once the hole is half full, fill it with water to remove air pockets and settle the soil.
- Once the water has drained, fill the hole back up with the rest of the soil.
- Press the soil down, and water thoroughly.
- While your young pecan tree is growing, water it frequently, about once a week.
- Water the young trees slowly and deeply.
- Cover the root area with mulch to protect in colder weather and to retain moisture.
- In the spring after the tree was planted (after the first year), you may fertilize over a 25 square foot area.
- For healthy pecan production, use a pound of zinc sulfate each year for young trees and three pound of zinc sulfate for pecan bearing mature trees.